Prosthodontics is the specialist field of Dental Medicine for the re-establishment and maintenance of the functions of the maxilo-mandibular complex, from the point of view of chewing, phonetics and aesthetics.
Working with other specialisties like Oral Surgery, Implantology, Endodontics, Dentistry, Orthodontics or Periodontology, Prosthodontics is responsible for the re-establishment of oral functions, both by way of the reconstruction and repair of damaged teeth as well as the placement of dental prosthesis (single, partial or total) which are intended to replace the missing teeth.
Implantology is the specialist field of Dental Medicine dedicated to the rehabilitation of missing teeth by placing implants. Implants have great advantages, not only as regards their functional and aesthetic appearance, but also contributing to a major increase in the self-confidence of the patient.
Produced in titanium, a metal which is biocompatible with human tissues, implants work as artificial roots on which fixed unit crowns or bridges are placed and are a perfect replacement for natural teeth.
Oral surgery specializes in treating many diseases, injuries and defects in the hard and soft tissues of the Oral region.
Dentoalveolar surgery aim to remove impacted teeth, difficult tooth extractions, extractions on medically compromised patients, bone grafting or preprosthetic surgery to provide better anatomy for the placement of implants, dentures, or other dental prostheses.
Pediatric dentistry is the branch of dentistry dealing with children from birth through adolescence. Pediatric dentists promote the dental health of children as well as serve as educational resources for parents. This specialist area combines a strong preventive component with the curing element since monitoring the development of the so-called “milk teeth” is vital, not only to ensure correct phonetic and chewing functions but, first and foremost, for the early diagnosis and prevention of any problems, ensuring a healthy set of final teeth.
Endodontics is the dental specialty concerned with the study and treatment of the dental pulp. Endodontists perform a variety of procedures including endodontic therapy (commonly known as "root canal therapy"), endodontic retreatment, surgery, treating cracked teeth, and treating dental trauma. Root canal therapy is one of the most common procedures. If the dental pulp (containing nerves, arterioles, venules, lymphatic tissue, and fibrous tissue) becomes diseased or injured, endodontic treatment is required to save the tooth.
Orthodontics is the field of Dental Medicine specialized in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental (poor dental positioning) and skeletal (incorrect growth/positioning of the jaws) alterations. The technical term to designate said alterations is malocclusion which means “bad bite”.
The problems of malocclusion (fitting of upper and lower teeth together) may be hereditary or acquired, either because of habits (prolonged use of a dummy or sucking the thumb, tongue interposition, oral respiration…) or because of the early loss of milk teeth or adult teeth, as well as other factors in which the patient may have gaps between the teeth, crowded teeth, overbite (the upper teeth cover the majority of the lower ones), open bite (upper and lower teeth almost don’t touch), cross bite…
Cosmetic dentistry is generally used to refer to any dental work that improves the appearance (though not necessarily the function) of a person's teeth, gums and/or bite. It primarily focuses on improvement dental aesthetics in color, position, shape, size, alignment and overall smile appearance. Cosmetic dentistry may involve:
Periodontology is the specialty of dentistry that studies supporting structures of teeth, as well as diseases and conditions that affect them. The supporting tissues are known as the periodontium, which includes the gingiva (gums), alveolar bone, cementum, and the periodontal ligament. A professional who practices this specialty field of dentistry is known as a periodontist. Periodontology is an emerging specialty in the field of dentistry which deals with the diseases of the tooth supporting structures. Periodontal diseases take on many different forms but are usually a result of a coalescence of bacterial plaque biofilm accumulation of the red complex bacteria of the gingiva and teeth, combined with host immuno-inflammatory mechanisms and other risk factors which lead to destruction of the supporting bone around natural teeth. Untreated, these diseases lead to alveolar bone loss and tooth loss and, to date, continue to be the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.